See raw goat milk samples from two goats get tested on the farm. See how the process works and how the results are interpreted.
Raw Milk Law Library
Find out what local laws say about raw milk.
I've done my best to compile links to the actual dot gov websites hosting the laws on the books and relevant news links. If anything needs to be updated, let me know.
If you're looking for legal advice, try the Farm to Consumer Legal Defense Fund.
- Sales Legal
On-farm or retail sales legal
Herdshares or "pet food"
- No Sales or Herdshares
No-go zone for raw milk distribution
- United States
Federal law interferes with interstate commerce, however states can set their own laws to allow or disallow raw milk sales.
Raw milk sales are outlawed in Alabama, however there's no law against herdshares and raw milk can be sold labeled as "pet food" with a feed license.
Raw milk herdshares are officially recognized in Alaska.
Raw milk is available at all Sprouts locations in Arizona. On-farm sales are also legal.
On-farm raw milk sales are legal in Arkansas.
Retail and on-farm sales are legal in California.
Raw milk is available in Colorado under herdshare agreements.
Retail and on-farm sales are legal in Connecticut.
Raw milk sales are outlawed statewide in Delaware.
- District of Columbia
Raw milk sales are not allowed in the District of Columbia. Some herdshare associations deliver raw dairy products to their members within the US capital.
Raw milk can be found on farms and in retail stores in Florida, labeled as pet food.
Raw milk sales are now legal on-the-farm for human consumption. Raw milk sold as pet food remains available on-farm or through retailers.
Raw milk sales are outlawed in Hawaii, with recent interference from government officials reported.
Retail and on-farm raw milk sales are legal in Idaho.
On-farm raw milk sales are legal in Illinois.
Raw milk is available labeled as pet food in Indiana.
Raw milk sales are legal on-site for farms with 10 or fewer animals.
Raw milk on-farm sales are legal in Kansas.
Raw goat milk can be sold on the farm if you have a doctor's note.
Raw milk sales are outlawed in Louisiana.
Raw milk retail and on-farm sales are legal in Maine.
Raw milk can be sold under the label 'pet food' in Maine.
On-farm raw milk sales are legal in Massachusetts.
Raw milk herdshares are legal in Michigan.
On-farm raw milk sales are legal in Minnesota.
On-farm goat milk sales are legal in Mississippi.
On-farm raw milk sales and deliveries are legal in Missouri.
Small cottage industry producers are now free to sell raw milk direct to consumer.
On-farm raw milk sales are legal in Nebraska.
Raw milk sales are legal in the state of Nevada, so long as producers meet standards set forth by county raw milk commissions. However, no county has created a raw milk commission, therefore raw milk is de facto banned statewide.
- New Hampshire
Retail and on-farm raw milk sales are legal in New Hampshire.
- New Jersey
Raw milk sales are outlawed statewide in New Jersey.
- New Mexico
Retail and on-farm raw milk sales are legal in New Mexico.
- New York
On-farm raw milk sales are legal in New York.
- North Carolina
Herd shares and 'pet food' labeled milk are legal in North Carolina.
- North Dakota
Raw milk sales are legal on-the-farm for human consumption. Previously only herdshares operated in North Dakota.
Raw milk cow-shares are legal in Ohio.
Incidental on-farm raw milk sales are legal in Oklahoma. Incidental is not defined for cows, but for goats up to 100 gallons per month.
On farm sales of raw cow, sheep, or goat milk are legal, while retail sales of goat and sheep milk are legal in Oregon.
Retail and on-farm raw milk sales are legal in Pennsylvania.
- Rhode Island
Cow milk is outlawed. Goat milk can be obtained with a doctor's note in Rhode Island.
- South Carolina
Retail and on-farm raw milk sales are legal in South Carolina.
- South Dakota
On-farm raw milk sales are legal in South Dakota.
Raw milk can be obtained through cow-shares in Tennessee.
On-farm raw milk sales and delivery are legal in Texas.
On-farm raw milk sales are allowed in Utah, off-farm sales legal if store is owned by the producer.
On-farm raw milk sales and deliveries are legal in Vermont.
Raw milk commercial sales are outlawed, but can be obtained through herdshares in Virginia.
Retail and on-farm sales are legal in Washington.
- West Virginia
Raw milk can be obtained through herd shares in West Virginia. Farmers who sell raw milk for pasteurization cannot run herdshares.
Raw milk sales are outlawed in Wisconsin. Incidental sales are exempt, but restrictive. Read update for new hope.
On-farm raw milk sales are legal in Wyoming. Delivery of raw milk directly from farm to consumer is also legal, including at farmers’ markets.
Raw milk sales are outlawed nationwide in Canada.
Database updated daily
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